Blood in Dog Urine: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

blood in dog urine

Blood in dog urine, also known as hematuria or bloody urine, can be an alarming symptom for any dog owner. It’s totally the opposite of discolored urine. So, seeing a tinge of red or pink in your pet’s pee might make you wonder what’s going on and lead you to do some investigating.

In this article, we will discuss all aspects of blood in dog urine, including its diagnosis, causes, treatment, and prevention.


You must visit a veterinarian for your dog’s physical examination as soon as you discover blood in the urine of your dog in order to receive an accurate diagnosis.

The veterinarian will conduct an array of diagnostic procedures along with discussing dog’s urination habits and prostate problems in order to determine the underlying cause of the hematuria.

These assessments could include a complete blood count (CBC), a biochemical profile of blood vessels, a urinalysis, a urine culture, and imaging procedures like X-rays or an ultrasound.

If you want to dig deep into the hematuria analysis in dogs, then here you can study the blood and urine findings in desuprarenalized dogs.


There are a variety of underlying disorders that might cause blood to be present in the urine of a dog which ultimately affects the dog’s health. Gaining an understanding of these factors might be helpful in correctly recognizing the problem and developing an effective solution.

Upper Urinary Tract Causes

Infections in the upper urinary tract can cause blood in the urine. Bacterial or fungal agents can cause UTIs, and it is essential to begin antibiotic therapy as soon as possible. Some of the most prevalent UTIs include the following:

·        Kidney Stones

Urinary crystals can develop in the dog’s kidneys, leading to irritation and bleeding, which can cause blood in dog urine. Alterations to the dog’s diet and possibly medical intervention may be required for efficient kidney stone management.

·        Kidney Infection

Kidney infection sometimes leads to urinary tract issues. Bacterial kidney infections, known as pyelonephritis, can cause blood in urine or, more commonly, hematuria. In order to minimize the risk of consequences, prompt diagnosis and treatment of kidney infections are required. Prompt diagnosis and treatment also save your pup from severe urinary tract infection.

Also, in order to keep the dog in good general health while having this illness, urinary tract infection must be managed over the long term under the guidance of a veterinarian.

Lower Urinary Tract Causes

Infection in the lower urinary tract includes the following:

·        Bladder Infections

Infections in the bladder lining, either bacterial infection or fungal infection, can be the source of blood in dog urine. These urinary tract infections are normally treated with antibiotics and other supportive medical treatments.

·        Bladder Stones

The formation of stones in the bladder can lead to irritation and bleeding, resulting in hematuria. Alterations to the dog’s diet, medicine, or surgical removal of the stones are all potential treatments for kidney stones in female dogs.

·        Bladder Cancer

Blood in a dog’s urine is one possible symptom of bladder cancer, which is a rare condition male dogs. It is recommended that a veterinary oncologist be consulted regarding diagnosis and potential treatment options.

Other Possible Causes

In addition to the upper and lower urinary tracts issues, there are several additional potential causes for blood in dog pee, including the following:

1.   Coagulation Disorders

Disorders that affect how the blood clots can cause bleeding, including bleeding inside the urinary system, resulting in blood being present in the urine.

2.   Physical Trauma or Injury

Hematuria and bleeding are both symptoms of hematuria, which blunt-force trauma, accidents, or injury to the urinary system can cause.

3.   Ingestion of Toxins

Hematuria can also be caused by exposure to certain toxic chemicals or drugs.

4.  Benign Prostate Enlargement

Sometimes benign prostate enlargement or benign prostate problem can lead to bladder infections, resulting in blood in your dog’s urine.

5.  Idiopathic Renal Hematuria

The condition is characterized by the presence of blood in the urine for no apparent reason. Even if the specific causes of this ailment are unknown, it is normally advised to undergo consistent monitoring and supportive care.

Hormone related incontinence can also cause blood in dog urine stream (especially. If it’s not treated in time, it can lead to kidney failure, prostatic abscesses, irregular bowel movements, stone formation, prostatic diseases (particularly prostatic cancer), skin allergies, or frequent urination.
All these issues can be treated with regular veterinary medicine, particularly prescribe antibiotics. Incontinence is also common in older dogs, so they must closely observe the dog’s body.

When Should You Visit the Vet?

You must schedule an appointment with a veterinarian as soon as possible if you see blood in your dog’s urine.

Even while less severe instances bladder infection could clear up independently, underlying health problems might call for prompt medical intervention.

The timely identification and treatment of your dog’s condition can help avoid the development of any consequences and maintain the animal’s overall health.


Blood in a dog’s urine is treated differently depending on the root cause, which may be determined by diagnostic tests.

When dealing with more serious conditions, the veterinarian may offer surgical intervention, optimize urine ph as well as, prescribe medications to treat infections, recommend dietary changes to manage kidney or bladder stones, or both.

It is necessary for there to be consistent follow-up appointments, as well as strict adherence to the treatment plan that was given.

Fact: The most advanced and recent diagnostic method of hematuria in dogs is known as Para-Aminobenzenesulfonamide absorption and excretion. Here you can study every detail of this method.


Even while not all instances of blood or red blood cells in male dog’s urine or pee can be avoided, there are certain things you can do to lessen the likelihood of it happening, i.e., reducing the frequency of difficulty urinating. These things includes the following:

·        Monitor Diet

Provide your dog with a well-balanced food that satisfies all their dietary requirements. Consuming excessive salt should be avoided since it may have a role in the production of kidney and bladder stones too.

·        Provide Fresh Water

Ensure your dog has access to fresh water to promote proper hydration and urinary tract health.

·        Maintain Good Hygiene

It is important to keep the region around your dog’s genitalia clean regularly to prevent the formation of bacteria and diseases.

·        Regular Veterinary Checkups

Visits to the veterinarian regularly will allow you to keep track of your dog’s overall health and identify any possible problems at an earlier stage.

Additionally, you can prevent blood in dog urine or other symptoms by a regular blood test of your dog. Regular dog’s blood testing can also reduce future urinary issues.


Is blood in dog urine a sign of cancer?

It is vital not to make any hasty judgments, even though the presence of blood in a dog’s urine can indicate a variety of illnesses, including bladder and kidney cancer too.

One could see blood in their urine for several reasons, including kidney stones prostate cancer and infections.

It is essential to seek a veterinarian’s advice to discover the problem’s precise source and the most suitable treatment alternatives.

What is Idiopathic Renal Hematuria?

As discussed above, this is a condition that describes the appearance of blood in a dog’s urine for which there is no apparent explanation.

It is a condition where blood can be seen in the urine, but exhaustive diagnostic procedures cannot zero in on a particular underlying reason for the illness.

Monitoring the patient regularly and providing supportive care are commonly advised treatments for managing this illness.

Is it possible for dogs to have blood in their urine due to fear or stress?

Even though fear and stress can affect a dog’s general health, these conditions are not often the direct cause of blood in the urine.

On the other hand, stress and worry can worsen some underlying illnesses that may lead to hematuria, such as urinary tract infections or bladder inflammation.

If you see blood in your dog’s urine or your dog peeing blood anywhere, scheduling an appointment with a veterinary professional as soon as possible is essential.

What should I do if I notice blood in my dog’s urine once, but it doesn’t happen again?

Even if you only see blood in your dog’s pee once and it does not happen again, you should still make an appointment with an emergency vet as soon as possible.

Even if the symptoms go away on their own, it may be a sign of a deeper problem that needs to be addressed.

Your veterinarian is able to conduct diagnostic testing to rule out any possible causes for worry and give direction for preventative care.

Can certain medications cause blood in a dog’s urine?

There is a possibility that some drugs might have negative effects, one of which is blood in the urine. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, often known as NSAIDs, are frequently used to manage pain in dogs. They are also commonly known as pain medicine and they also fight some cancer cells.

However, these medications can occasionally cause irritation and bleeding in the urinary system.

If you start giving your dog a new prescription and then detect blood in its own peeing blood again, you should immediately call your veterinarian to discuss the possibility of adverse effects and to find out whether the treatment regimen has to be altered in any way.


An alarming sign for owners of dogs is the presence of blood in the animal’s last urine sample. For your dog’s general well-being, you must have a solid understanding of the potential reasons, seek veterinary care as soon as possible, and adhere to the approved treatment plan.

You can help reduce the likelihood of your beloved canine friend developing hematuria by taking preventative measures and ensuring that he has frequent checkups with his veterinarian.

This will also help guarantee your canine companion’s long and healthy life.

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